||Favour and disgrace would seem equally to be feared; honour and
great calamity, to be regarded as personal conditions
(of the same
||"Favor bodes disgrace; it is like trembling.
Rank bodes great heartache. It is like the body."
||Favor and disgrace are alike to be feared, just as too great care or anxiety
are bad for the body.
What is meant by speaking thus of favour and disgrace? Disgrace is
being in a low position (after the enjoyment of favour). The getting
that (favour) leads to the apprehension (of losing it), and the losing
it leads to the fear of (still greater calamity):--this is what is
meant by saying that favour and disgrace would seem equally to be
What means "Favor bodes disgrace; it is like trembling? "Favor humiliates. Its acquisition causes trembling, its loss causes trembling.
This is meant by "Favor bodes disgrace; it is like trembling."
Why are favor and disgrace alike to be feared? To be favored is humiliating;
to obtain it is as much to be dreaded as to lose
it. To lose favor is to be in disgrace and of course
is to be dreaded.
And what is meant by saying that honour and great calamity are to be
(similarly) regarded as personal conditions? What makes me liable to
great calamity is my having the body (which I call myself); if I had
not the body, what great calamity could come to me?
What means "Rank bodes great heartache, it is like the body?"I suffer great heartache because I have a body. When I have no body, what heartache
Why are excessive care and great anxiety alike bad for one? The very reason I
have anxiety is because I have a body. If I have
not body why would I be anxious?
||Therefore he who would administer the kingdom, honouring it as he
honours his own person, may be employed to govern it, and he who would
administer it with the love which he bears to his own person may be
entrusted with it.
||Therefore who administers the empire as he takes care of his body can be entrusted
with the empire.
||Therefore if he who administers the empire, esteems it as his own body, then
he is worthy to be trusted with the empire.