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English Definitiondifficult; hard; arduous
Simplified Script艰苦
Traditional Script艱苦
Effective Pinyin
(After Tone Sandhi)
Zhuyin (Bopomofo)ㄐㄧㄢ ㄎㄨˇ
Cantonese (Jyutping)gaan1fu2
Part of Speech(形) adjective
Proficiency Test LevelHSK=5; TOP=Advanced
Word Decomposition
jiāndifficult; hard; hardship
bitter; hardship; pain; to suffer; to bring suffering to; painstakingly

Related Words

Words With Same Head Word    
艰难jiānnándifficult; hard; challenging
艰巨jiānjùarduous; terrible (task); very difficult; formidable
艰险jiānxiǎndifficult and dangerous; hardships and perils
艰钜jiānjùvery different
艰辛jiānxīnhardships; arduous; difficult
Words With Same Tail Word    
辛苦xīnkǔhard; exhausting; with much toil; thanks for your trouble
痛苦tòngkǔpain; suffering; painful
刻苦kèkǔhardworking; assiduous
吃苦chīkǔto bear hardships
贫苦pínkǔpoverty-stricken; poor
Derived Words or Phrases    
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