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English Definitionnationality; ethnic group
Simplified Script民族
Traditional ScriptSame
Effective Pinyin
(After Tone Sandhi)
Zhuyin (Bopomofo)ㄇㄧㄣˊ ㄗㄨˊ
Cantonese (Jyutping)man4zuk6
Part of Speech(名) noun
Measure Words
Topical Word Lists
Proficiency Test LevelHSK=4; TOP=Intermediate
Word Decomposition
mínthe people; nationality; citizen; (Chinese surname)
race; nationality; ethnicity; clan; by extension, social group (e.g. office workers 上班族)

Related Words

Words With Same Head Word    
民间mínjiānamong the people; popular; folk; non-governmental; involving people rather than governments
民国mínguóRepublic of China (1912-1949); used instead of reign name by the nationalist government, then by Taiwan; used in PRC as reign name of a former dynasty
民兵mínbīngpeople's militia; militia; militiaman
民众mínzhòngpopulace; masses; the people
Words With Same Tail Word    
种族zhǒngzúrace; ethnicity
贵族guìzúlord; nobility; nobleman; noblewoman; aristocrat; aristocracy
少数民族shǎoshù mínzúnational minority; ethnic group
藏族zàngzúTibetan ethnic group
回族huízúHui Islamic ethnic group living across China
Derived Words or Phrases    
Similar-sounding Words    
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Chinese characters or pinyin syllables