YellowBridge Chinese Language & Culture
Chinese Language Center

Learn Mandarin Mandarin-English Dictionary & Thesaurus

New Search

English Definitionto bear hardships
Simplified Script吃苦
Traditional ScriptSame
Effective Pinyin
(After Tone Sandhi)
Zhuyin (Bopomofo)ㄔ ㄎㄨˇ
Cantonese (Jyutping)hek3fu2
Part of Speech(形) adjective
Proficiency Test LevelHSK=6; TOP=Advanced
Word Decomposition
chīto eat; to consume; to eat at (a cafeteria etc); to eradicate; to destroy; to absorb; to suffer; to stammer (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [ji2])
bitter; hardship; pain; to suffer; to bring suffering to; painstakingly

Related Words

Words With Same Head Word    
吃惊chījīngto be startled; to be shocked; to be amazed
吃饭chīfànto have a meal; to eat; to make a living
吃力chīlìto entail strenuous effort; to toil at a task; strenuous; laborious; strain
吃亏chīkuīto suffer losses; to come to grief; to lose out; to get the worst of it; to be at a disadvantage; unfortunately
吃喝玩乐chīhē wánlèto eat, drink and be merry (idiom); to abandon oneself to a life of pleasure
Words With Same Tail Word    
辛苦xīnkǔhard; exhausting; with much toil; thanks for your trouble
艰苦jiānkǔdifficult; hard; arduous
痛苦tòngkǔpain; suffering; painful
刻苦kèkǔhardworking; assiduous
贫苦pínkǔpoverty-stricken; poor
Derived Words or Phrases    
Similar-sounding Words    
Wildcard: Use * as placeholder for 0 or more
Chinese characters or pinyin syllables