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English Definitionthe year before last
Simplified Script前年
Traditional ScriptSame
Effective Pinyin
(After Tone Sandhi)
Zhuyin (Bopomofo)ㄑㄧㄢˊ ㄋㄧㄢˊ
Cantonese (Jyutping)cin4nin4
Part of Speech(名) noun, (时间) time word
Proficiency Test LevelTOP=Basic
Word Decomposition
qiánfront; forward; ahead; first; top (followed by a number); future; ago; before; BC (e.g. 前293年); former; formerly
niányear; (Chinese surname)

Related Words

Words With Same Head Word    
前途qiántúprospects; future outlook; journey
前天qiántiānthe day before yesterday
前进qiánjìnto go forward; to forge ahead; to advance; onward
前后qiánhòuaround; from beginning to end; all around; front and rear
前方qiánfāngahead; the front
Words With Same Tail Word    
今年jīnniánthis year
去年qùniánlast year
明年míngniánnext year
青年qīngniányouth; youthful years; young person; the young
新年xīnniánNew Year
Derived Words or Phrases    
Similar-sounding Words    
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Chinese characters or pinyin syllables